Venus de Milo

Venus de Milo

Modern Art th of the 20 Century Modernism radical experimentation to challenge traditional forms Lessons 5-6 PPT 606 Modern Philosophy Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche questioned values of society Democracy, progress, even respectability was suffocating Saw Christianity as glorifying weakness GOD IS DEAD Georges Sorel Marxism is a religion; democracy is bad Existentialism stressed meaninglessness of existence Moral values found in yourself Jean-Paul Sartre Albert Camus (The Stranger) Soren Kierkegaard impossible to prove God takes a

leap of faith Religion now relevant and meaningful Generalize the new thinking New Physics Discovery: Atom was not a solid made up of energy Marie Curie discovered radium consistently emits particles So, weight keeps changing Atoms theorized to be splitable She was first woman to win Nobel Prize for Peace

ONLY person to win in two different sciences Albert Einstein theory of relativity Only light is constant Why will this matter? Whats so exceptional? Freudian Psychology

Sigmund Freud Austrian Belief that youre born with proclivities First to really consider mental illness Theorized your three personality parts The id the ego the superego Developed Psychoanalysis

Discussed development in terms of psychosexual stages Oral, anal, etc. Fixations, frustrations Developed Freudian psychology Would you categorize Freud as exceptional? Why? Attitudes in Literature New focus: climate of pessimism, relativism and alienation New technique: stream of consciousness inner monologue

Virginian Wolfe James Joyce (Ulysses) a single day in the life of an ordinary man Oswald Spengler Decline of the West Franz Kafka The Metamorphasis Enrich Remarque All Quiet of the Western Front What does it seem like they are all reflecting? Mass Culture Consumer More people made enough $$ for luxury items Industrialization mass produced inexpensive goods

new woman highly independent Got the right to vote Held jobs, researched latest fashion trends, wore makeup, smoked cigarettes Used sex appeal to lure men no longer yearned for marriage Cinema movies era of silent films Equalized society Radio Guiglielmo Marconi invented around 1900 Became HUGE in 1920s Britain: BBC (government controlled) Tie this all together how is society now defining itself?

Abstract Art (1907 - onwards) a generic term a blend of Realism and Symbolism Something has been withdrawn to consider it separately Plays with visual elements: line, shape, tone, pattern, texture, or form GEORGES BRAQUE Violin and Pitcher, 1910 (oil on canvas)

Art Nouveau New Art decorative 1890 until World War I intricate linear designs and flowing curves based on natural forms. Describe what you see

August Klimt The Kiss, 1908 Expressionism (1905-1925) German off shoot from Fauvism Charged with emotional vision of the world Try to remember what Fauvism was What do the colors seem to do? ERNST LUDWIG KIRCHNER

The Red Tower at Halle, 1915 (oil on canvas) Marc Chagall What am I talking about? (describe) pioneer of modernism and a major Jewish artist. synthesized cubism and fauvism The Birthday, Marc Chagall, 1915

Can you see his emotion in the abstractness? Cubism (1907-1915) Pablo Picasso and George Braque Paris What do I mean by Ignores traditions of perspective that? Show many views of subject at one time

Often drew inspiration from art from other cultures, like Africa Breaks subject into geometric shapes, then overlaps Can you describe what hes doing?

Pablo Picasso Ambroise Vollard, 1915 (oil on canvas) Les Demoiselle dAvignon Pablo Picasso, 1907 What is he trying to say about this accepted part of French society?

Guernica Pablo Picasso, 1937 Goal: show horrors of German carpet bombing - Evoke sympathy for Republican cause Dadaism (1916-1922) not a style of art was a form of artistic anarchy born out of disgust for the establishment responsible WWI intent on destroying the artistic values of the past intentionally confrontational and provocative to the

artistic establishment with the irrationality of their collages Purposefully provoked conservative complacency with outrageous actions at their exhibitions and meetings. Why would they do this?! Surrealism (1924-1939)

The positive response to Dadas negativity Goal: liberate artists imagination Tap into superior reality Drew on images of dreams Often combined disassociated images Purposefully lacked conscious mind control Relate to Freud REN MAGRITTE Time Transfixed, 1938

(oil on canvas) Salvador Dali Persistence of Memory Salvador Dali, 1931 What might he be trying to say here? Modernism Architecture

Functionalism Buildings should have a purpose Do not decorate with fancy ornamentation a house is a machine for living in Describe this architecture what you see. Characterized by clean, straight lines Symmetrical Bauhaus A school to teach all new styles of functionalism

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