VERBS - Unit 3 6th Grade

VERBS - Unit 3 6th Grade

VERBS UNIT 3 8TH GRADE By: Anglica Guerra, MS Greater Miami Adventist Academy LESSON COLLATED WITH Houghton Mifflin English 8 WHAT IS A VERB? The main word in the predicate / The simple predicate KINDS OF VERBS

LESSON 1 The are TWO major kinds of verbs: ACTION BEING / LINKING ACTION VERBS - 1 What the subject does, has, or feels: I cook dinner. - Ann owns a mac

computer. -Lucy hates Brussel sprouts! Action can be: PHYSICAL: can be seen (I eat soup.) MENTAL or EMOTIONAL: cannot be seen (I want a dog. / The boy studies his lesson.) MAKE A SENTENCE USING ACTION VERBS: BEING VERBS & LINKING VERBS BEING VERBS

Show what the subject is or is like. Ana seems tired. The janitor was tired. See and memorize: common Being Verbs on page 100 A BEING verb is often a LINKING verb It links the subject to a word in the predicate.

The word it is linked to is either: Predicate Noun My mom is a doctor. Predicate Adjective My mom is tired. Some verbs can be either linking verbs or action verbs:

LINKING The pilot looks young. Lucy smelled sweaty. ACTION The boy looks at the dog.

I smelled the rose. Tell if the verb is ACTION or LINKING: The new girl has become my friend. The project appears copied. The teacher tasted the soup. It tasted too salty. MAKE A SENTENCE WITH LINKING & ACTION VERBS:

MAIN VERBS & HELPING VERBS - 2 VERB PHRASE: A verb that is made up of more than ONE word VERB PHRASE is made up of: MAIN VERB the verb that expresses the action or state of being HELPING VERB one or more verbs that work with the main verb and dont show any action or being EX: Bill has eaten his dinner. / I would have gone home! Memorize list of Common Helping Verbs on

MAIN VERBS & HELPING VERBS continuation Some verbs can be a MAIN VERB in one sentence and a HELPING VERB in another: MAIN VB.= I did my work yesterday. HELPING VB. = I did see you at the mall. Some time the verb parts may be separated by interrupting words: May I go with you? / Should we eat now?

The sun may not come out today. MAKE SENTENCES WITH VERB PHRASES: SIMPLE VERB TENSES - 3 Tense identifies WHEN the action or state of being takes place.

PRESENT: Is happening now Remember: 3rd person singular add s He sings a song. Steve laughs. Maria smells the rose. PAST: Already happened FUTURE: Is going to happen 4 PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB: JUMP Base form: ex.

Present participle: (IS) JUMPING Past: JUMPED Past participle: (HAS) JUMPED MEMORIZE THESE RULES AGAIN IF YOUVE FORGOTTEN THEM! MAKE A SENTENCE THAT INCLUDES

PAST, PRESENT, AND/OR FUTURE TENSES! PERFECT TENSES 3 PRESENT PERFECT Action that took place at an indefinite time in the past; it may still be going on Lucy has studied

her times tables for 3 years. PAST PERFECT FUTURE PERFECT Action in the Action that past that was will be completed completed before another before action took another action

place in the future Lucy had finished learning the 8-table before she entered 4th grade. Lucy will have memorized all the times tables up to 12 before the end of the 5th grade. NOW PRACTICE WRITING SENTENCES WITH THESE PERFECT TENSE VERBS: PAST PERF.

arrang e eat glue PRESENT PERF. harvest organize laugh FUTURE PER. train masticat e wrestle

BE / HAVE / DO LESSON 4 These are the 3 most frequently used verbs in the English language. They can be used as main verbs or as helping verbs. Memorize the rules for forming their tenses see p. 110. THE VERB BE - THE MOST COMMON VERB SIMPLE TENSE REVIEW

NUMBE PERSON R 1st I singula r 2nd YOU singula r 3rd HE / singula SHE / IT r 1st WE plural 2nd

plural YOU PAST PRESENT FUTURE was am will be were

are will be was is will be were are will be were

are will be MAKE A SENTENCE WITH THE PROPER FORM OF BE THE TEACHER WILL TELL YOU: MAKE SENTENCE S USING THE VERB(S) THE TEACHER WILL TELL YOU.

IRREGULAR VERBS Lessons See 5&6 book pp. 125 & 129. 7- PROGRESSIVE FORMS The verb shows the action is continuing.Helping Main verb

SIMPLE PROGRESSI VE TENSES verb ending in ING PAST PROGRESSIVE was/were walking PRESENT PROGRESSIVE am/is/are

walking FUTURE PROGRESSIVE will be walking PERFECT PROGRESSI VE TENSES PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE had been walking has/have been

walking CHOOSE A VERB FROM THE LIST, AND MAKE A PROGRESSIVE VERB SENTENCE. Hug Sleep Play Rest TRANSITIVE & INTRANSITIVE VERBS LESSON 8 TRANSITIVE VB.= A verb that SENDS its action to a noun or pronoun

DIRECT OBJECT = The noun or pronoun that RECEIVES the action The teacher writes a letter. INTRANSITIVE VB.= A verb that TRANSITIVE & INTRANSITIVE VERBS LESSON 8 CONTINUATION LINKING VERBS ARE

ALWAYS INTRANSITIVE BECAUSE THEY DO NOT EXPRESS ACTION. The Christian Warriors are the winners of the tournament. They looked tired after their MAKE 1 TRANSITIVE & 1 INTRANSITIVE SENTENCE: Boudreaux and Thibodeaux DIRECT OBJECT - 9

A noun or pronoun that tells WHO or WHAT receives the action of the verb. A dragonfly has four fragile wings. D.O. may be a noun or pronoun. The little boy took the dragonfly. The little boy took it. D.O. may be compound (more

than 1) Dragonflies like bananas and flowers. Tell if the sentence is Transitive OR transitive ; if transitive , identify the

My beagle barks a lot. She eats apples and potato peals. She sleeps all day long. I made breakfast for her. I took her and my friend Raquel to the park.

DIRECT OBJECT Use with Action Verbs Most verbs express ACTION. If that action is directed toward another word, the verb is TRANSITIVE. Direct Object: The word toward which the action goes. Questions to ask: What? / Whom? The car needs gasoline and new tires. Needs

My what? friend visits my family and me. Visits whom? CONTINUATION D.O. (LSN 9) Intransitive Verb: Does not have an Object Some verbs are ALWAYS Intransitive The bird flew away. - Flew where?

The team played well. - Played how? We will finish tomorrow. - Finish when? ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Transitive OR Intransitive? Please get your book. The book closed noisily. INDIRECT OBJECT (I. O.) Indirect Object: tells to whom, for whom, to what, or for what the action of the verb is done. It ALWAYS comes between the verb and the Direct Object. Its a NOUN or a PRONOUN.

-9 INDIRECT OBJECT Which sentences have IO? The slithery python gave the trainer a surprise. Hanna baked her sister a cake. My pastor delivered a great sermon for

us. The athlete threw the referee his helmet. Dwayne Wade gave the trophy to me. PREDICATE NOUNS & PREDICATE ADJECTIVES - 10 LINKING VERBS cannot have objects. A Linking Verb CONNECTS the subject with a word in the predicate that describes or renames the subject. If the words renames: Predicate Noun Mules resemble stubby horses.

If the word describes: Predicate Adjective The story sounds marvelous. MAKE ONE OR MORE SENTENCES ABOUT WOLVES USING PRED. NOUNS AND/OR PRED. ADJECTIVES: ACTIVE & PASSIVE VOICES - 11 ACTIVE VOICE: Most sentences are like this. The subject DOES the action. Electric

motors run high-speed trains. PASSIVE VOICE: The subject RECEIVES the action. High-speed trains are run by electric motors. ACTIVE & PASSIVE VOICE (RULES) 1. Sentence has to be transitive (have DO)

2. To turn to passive, use the correct tense of the verb BE and change the main verb to its past participle. 3. (A) Magnets in the motor create a force. (P) A force is created by magnets in the motor. The D.O. becomes the SUBJECT! Sometimes the performer of the

action DOES NOT appear in the Passive Voice. The original model has been perfected. MAKE THESE ACTIVE VOICE SENTENCES INTO PASSIVE VOICE (IF YOU CAN): Dr. Sato developed a cool train. Dr. Sato travels by train often. He

loves his wife and daughter. TURN THIS ACTIVE SENTENCE TO PASSIVE: A kangaroo mother nurses her joey inside a pouch she has. TURN THIS PASSIVE SENTENCE TO ACTIVE: An unusual

animal was found in the eighteent h century SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT - 12 A verb and its subject MUST agree in number Singular verb = singular subject An ant crawls. Plural verb = plural subject Three ant crawl. The verb BE doesnt follow the

usual rules. SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT If you use AND to join the parts of a compound subject, USE A PLURAL VERB. Shrews, moles, and toads eat insects. A mole and a toad were in my garden last night. More Subject-Verb Agreement

12 (Agreement with Compound Subject) When joining subject with words such as OR, EITHEROR, or NEITHERNOR, the verb may be singular or plural. Plural verb: if both subjects are plural. The dogs and cats were both eating. Singular verb: if both subjects are singular. Neither Jim nor Steve is here.

Continuation (lesson 12) Verb Agrees with the SUBJECT CLOSEST: When ONE subject is singular and ONE is plural. Either the twins or Marc is singing today. Either Marc or the twins are singing today. ****Choose the correct verb:**** Ana or my parents ______ taking me to church. Neither the eighth graders nor Mrs. Guerra ____ here. MORE ON SUBJECT-VERB AGRMT. LESSON 13: Titles, Names, and Nouns Ending with S

A title takes a singular verb form: The United States IS more than 200 years old. Certain nouns ending with S always take a singular verb: The news was encouraging today. Other nouns ending with S always take a

plural verb: These scissors cut well. INVERTED & INTERRUPTED ORDER LESSON 14 In most sentences the SUBJECT appears at the beginning. When ALL or PART of the predicate appear at the beginning, the sentence is INVERTED. To identify the subject:

First find the verb. Then ask WHO or WHAT is doing the action. In the bedroom is my bed. What is in the bedroom? MY BED Continuation (lesson 14) INVERTED SENTENCE The subject IS NOT

at the beginning. When a sentence begins with HERE or THERE, the verb MUST also agree with the subject. To find the subject, ask: WHO or WHAT IS HERE? Here is the book. (What is here?) There are my friends! (Who are there?)

MAKE A SENTENCE STARTING WITH HERE OR THERE: CONT LESSON 14 INTERRUPTED ORDER: This is when 1 or more words come between the subject and the verb. Identify the subject carefully, and make the verb agree with it. Often exhibits on only one subject fill

an entire museum. CONTRACTION S Sometimes the verb is shortened in the cont. Notice that the apostrophe goes where the letter is missing: We are = were I am Im Often a verb and NOT are combined. NOT is not part of the verb! Ana isnt coming today. / Ana is not

coming today. THE END

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