Vocabulary List 3 - Ms. Chapman's Class (Pre-AP)

Vocabulary List 3 - Ms. Chapman's Class (Pre-AP)

VOCABULARY LIST 3 BELLAIRE HIGH SCHOOL Vocabulary Discussion As we talk about each word, write the word and its number and answer the corresponding question in a complete sentence on a sheet of notebook paper. Do a thorough, thoughtful job I have noticed that the people who take this assignment more seriously get better quiz scores.

1. civilize Civilize comes from the Latin civilus, meaning relating to a citizen, relating to public life, befitting a citizen; popular, affable, courteous. The Online Etymology Dictionary notes: The sense of "polite" was in classical Latin, from the courteous manners of citizens, as opposed to those of soldiers. Question A: In what way might the Romans have thought that soldiers were not civilized?

Question B: How is the meaning of the word civilize related to the meaning of the word civilization? 2. adversary We get the word adversary from two Latin words ad, meaning towards, and versus, meaning to turn. Thus, an adversary is literally someone you are turned towards

as in, fighting. Question: Who is your greatest adversary? 3. debt Debt comes from Latin debere, meaning to owe. Question: What is an intangible (not a physical thing or money) debt that you owe to someone?

4. emaciated Emaciated comes from the Latin word macer, meaning thin. Question: In the 1990s, fashion designers began to use models who looked not just slender, but emaciated. Why would they use this advertising strategy to sell their clothing? Should advertisers be

prohibited from promoting this kind of image as glamorous because of the risks of promoting anorexia and bulimia to teens? 5. deluge Deluge comes from the Latin word diluere, meaning to wash away. Question: List three stories you

know of in which a flood plays a big role in the plot. 6. oblivious Oblivious comes from the Latin word obliviosus, meaning "forgetful, that easily forgets; producing forgetfulness. Question: Draw a diagram that explains the relationship between

the words oblivious, obliviosus, and oblivion. 7. contempt We get the word contempt from the Latin contemnere, meaning to scorn or despise. Question: You may have seen on television that when a person inside a courtroom is misbehaving, a judge

will hold him or her in contempt of the court. Knowing the history of contempts origins, explain what this means. scraggly scruffy 8. scraggly

We get scraggly from the Norwegian word skragg, which means "a lean person." Question: Draw a triple Venn diagram for scraggly, scruffy, and emaciated. Fill it out. emaciated 9. mediocre

The word mediocre comes from Latin medius meaning middle. Question: Explain the relationship between the root (medius, meaning middle) and its derivative (mediocre). 10. irredeemable Irredeemable comes from Latin redimere, "to redeem, buy back.

Question: Explain the relationship between the root and its derivative. Question: Explain what the concept of redemption means in traditional Christian theology. (Note were talking about this question as it relates to the literature were studying Hunger Games and not in terms of what you should believe.

11. defiant Defiant comes from Latin disfidare, "renounce one's faith," which comes from Latin dis-, "away, and fidus, "faithful. Question: Talk about a time you defied your parents. 12. quest

Quest comes from Latin questa, which means "search or inquiry. Question: What is the relationship between a quest and a question? 13. spoils Spoils comes from Latin spolium, meaning "armor stripped from an enemy, booty.

Question: There is a famous saying that goes, To the victor go the spoils. Give an example of how this might be true, in a context other than war. 14. aloof According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, aloof was [o]riginally a [Dutch] nautical order to keep the

ship's head to the wind, thus to stay clear of a lee-shore or some other quarter; hence the figurative sense of at a distance, apart. Question: In what kinds of situations do you stay aloof? 15. literal Literal comes from Latin litera, meaning "letter, alphabetic sign,

literature, books. Something literal is exactly as it is written, then. Question: Explain the different between literal and figurative. 16. elusive Elusive comes from Latin eludere, meaning "escape from, make a fool of, win from at play. Question: Give a creative, original

theory on why either Bigfoot of the Loch Ness Monster is so elusive. Specify whether you are discussing Bigfoot or the Loch Ness Monster. 17. anecdote Anecdote comes from the Greek anekdota, meaning "things unpublished. Question: What is the relationship

between the root and its derivative? 18. dominate Dominate comes from the Latin word dominus, which means master. Question: Keeping the meaning of the root word dominus in mind, what do you think it means to have

dominion over a group of people? 19. star-crossed We get the phrase star-crossed from Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet, as he describes the titular (what do you think titular means?) characters: "From forth the fatal loins of these two foes, A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life"

Question: Spot the grammatical error in the second line of the quotation above. Question: Shakespeare also wrote about stars metaphorically in his play Julius Caesar, in which one character says to another: The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, / But in ourselves, that we are underlings. What does this mean? Plus one million, billion cool points if you know

where this comes from. 20. gnaw Gnaw comes from the Old English word gnagan, which also means gnaw. Question: List three things you might gnaw. Imagine you are a gerbil. This is you. You are adorable. Look at your little nose.

21. arbitrary We get arbitrary from Latin arbitrarius or "depending on the will, uncertain." Question: Describe a time when you were upset about someones arbitrary decision. I just arbitrarily chose this picture.

22. surly The Online Etymology Dictionary writes of surly Middle English sirly lordly, imperious (14c.), from sir. The meaning rude, gruff is first attested 1660s. Question: So surly actually means sirly (as in, like a sir) explain how.

23. reprieve The Online Etymology Dictionary writes of reprieve Meaning to suspend an impending execution is recorded from 1590s; this sense evolved because being sent back to prison was the alternative to being executed. Question: Explain what it means to grant someone a reprieve.

24. pretense We get the word pretense from the Latin verb praetendere, which means to pretend. Question: What is the relationship between the words pretense and affectation? 25. sullen

The Online Etymology Dictionary writes of sullen 1570s, alteration of Middle English soleyn unique, singular, from Anglo-French solein, formed on the pattern of Old French soltain, from Old French soul "single" (see sole (n.2)). The sense shift in Middle English from solitary to morose occurred late 14c. So basically, it used to mean alone, and then the meaning shifted to glum.

Question: Create and fill out a Venn diagram for the words sullen and surly. sullen surly 26. banal We get banal from the Old French word banel or "communal.

Question: What is the relationship between the root and its derivative? 27. selfdeprecating Question: What is self-deprecating humor? 28. bluff We get the word bluff from the

Dutch bluffen, "to brag, boast. Question: Why are Dutch words so much fun to say? Question: What does it mean to call someones bluff? Question: If you had a dog, would you call it Bluff? If you did indeed call it Bluff, how would you feel about someone else calling it to them?

29. cutting We get the word cut from the Old French couteau, or "knife." Question: Explain what a cutting remark would be. 30. catacombs We get the word catacombs from the Latin phrase cata tumbas, or at

the tombs. Question: Would you go into a catacombs? Why or why not? This is a chandelier made of bones in the Czech Republic. Made of bones!

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