Vocabulary Requirements - Kyrene School District

Vocabulary Requirements - Kyrene School District

Vocabulary Collectors Vocabulary Expectations this year! While reading for class, youll write down several vocabulary words every two weeks on a bookmark. Every two weeks, youll select your best four words and add them to your notebook and complete several activities. Your words for your collection may come from other sources, but three words need to come from the book youre currently reading or what were reading as a class. What kind of words to collect The older you grow, the more sophisticated your vocabulary should become. Discuss with a partner the rationale for placing the following words in the different columns of this word classification system. 1 words 5 words 10 words 25 words

50 words The a/an I is of in me was she big fun nice walk run hit dog tree cup delicate

useless violet blame dislike polish teen-ager doctor unicorn idealistic perplexed convivial banter circumscribe daunt exuberance despot whimsy graupel hypermetropia crepescular nunatak ombrophobia

philatelist autotroph acrolith quidnunc Looking for 25-cent words 25-cent words are those words you dont know unless you look in the dictionary or reread the sentence to decipher meaning from context clues. At least three of your four 25-cent words each week must come from our reading. 25 words idealistic perplexed convivial banter circumscribe daunt exuberance despot whimsy If we read something in class together, you may collect 25-cent words from it. If you find it in a whole class novel, you

may collect 25-cent words from it. If you find it in a book youre reading for fun, you may collect 25-cent words from it. If you hear it or see it written somewhere, you may collect it. 25-cent words He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with him. But after forty days without a fish the boys parents had told him that the old man was now definitely and finally salao, which is the worst form of unlucky and the boy had gone at their orders in another boat which caught three good fish the first week. It made the boy sad to see the old man come in each day with his skiff empty and he always went down to help him carry either the coiled lines or the gaff and harpoon and the sail that was furled around the mast. The sail was patched with flour sacks and, furled; it looked like the flag of permanent defeat. The old man was thin and gaunt with deep wrinkles in the back of his neck. The brown blotches of the benevolent skin cancer the sun brings from its reflection on the tropic sea were on his cheeks. The blotches ran well down the sides of his face and his hands had the deep-creased scars from handling heavy fish on the cords. But none of these scars were fresh. They were as old as erosions in a fishless

desert. (Click here to open a printable version of this text.) Focus in on words thatwhen you look them uphave interesting meanings and have additional forms of the word. Chances are with one of these three words you cant tell me its meaning without rereading the sentence or using the dictionary. Which one do you like best? Do not collect He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with him. But after forty days without a fish the boys parents had told him that the old man was now definitely and finally salao, which is the worst form of unlucky and the boy had gone at their orders in another boat which caught three good

fish the first week. It made the boy sad to see the old man come in each day with his skiff empty and he always went down to help him carry either the coiled lines or the gaff and harpoon and the sail that was furled around the mast. The sail was patched with flour sacks and, furled; it looked like the flag of permanent defeat. The old man was thin and gaunt with deep wrinkles in the back of his neck. The brown blotches of the benevolent skin cancer the sun brings from its reflection on the tropic sea were on his cheeks. The blotches ran well down the sides of his face and his hands had the deep-creased scars from handling heavy fish on the cords. But none of these scars were fresh. They were as old as erosions in a fishless desert. (Click here to open a printable version of this text.) Avoid collecting words that arent in the dictionary; this means they are either foreign words or they are too old fashioned to be in the modern dictionary. Salao is an example.

Also avoid collecting words that are specialized words for certain trades or situations. Here are three examples. Parts of speech nouns verbs adjectives These three parts of speech are the ones that will contribute the most if you are making the best collection. Nouns, verbs and adjectives are your power words for reading and writing. Adverbs are great too, but well talk about them later; for now, these are the big three. The four other parts of speechprepositions, pronouns, conjunctions, and interjectionsthese are your 1-cent and 5-cent words (under, into, him, we, and, when, wow, gosh), and you already know them. Practice your parts of speech while collecting. Teach yourself to identify (or guess intelligently) your vocabulary words part of speech before you look in the dictionary.

Challenge yourself! How many can you get right this week? nouns __ persons, places, things, and ideas all serve as nouns in our language . Some nouns are touchable, which means theyre concrete nouns because they have physical forms. Can you think of some examples? Some nounslike thought and happinessare bodiless, and that means theyre abstract nouns because they dont have physical forms. Know your noun suffixes! Repeat. Know your noun suffixes! nouns __ persons, places, things, and ideas all serve as nouns in our language

Learn your noun suffixes. They are a smart tool. Seeing that theres a pattern to identifying a noun will help you discover new nouns and youll know when youre using a noun, not a verb. adjective/verb + noun suffix = noun Replace + ment = replacement kind + ness = kindness ready + ness = readiness Creating nouns using this pattern will help you spot spelling patterns too. These are smart tools. Noun Suffixes: -ment -ship

-ness -ance/-ancy -ence/-ency -ion/-sion/-tion -ism action words (like throw, laugh, and scream) verbs Important: When collecting a verb, youll need to remove the tense suffix in order to look up your verb in the dictionary. If you find the verb quantifying, youll want to record it as just quantify on your bookmark. If you find the word ensconced, what do you think youll record/look up? and state of being words (like was, is, and are) Verb Tense Suffixes: -ed

-ing -s/-es/-ies Thats pretty much all of them. They should be easy to practice. Remove your verb suffixes! Repeat. Remove your verb suffixes! Know your adjective suffixes! Repeat. Know your adjective suffixes! Important: When defining an adjective, often the dictionary will do so using the noun or verb form of the same word. For example If you look up perilous, and it is defined as full of or involving peril, you cant write that as your definition because peril is the same word as perilous, just in noun form. You need to look up the noun formperil and borrow words from that definition to replace the word peril in the definition you found. adjectives Adjective Suffixes:

-ous (as in sonorous) -al (as in pivotal) -y (as in muggy) -ive (as in elective) perilous (adj.) full of or involving danger Vocabulary Requirements You will choose 4 words every two weeks from your independent reading or our class reading. At least three of those words must come from your current class reading and be 25 cent words You should keep track of interesting words on your bookmark. Below is what is expected in your notebook-all four words should be on one page!: 1. Write the word 2. Label the part of speech (noun, verb, adjective, adverb) 3. Write the definition. You will look up the definition in the dictionary (or online) and then write it in your own words. Click here for online dictionary. 4. Identify where you read the word-include the page number 5. Complete a Meaningful Writing Activity

Vocabulary Examples From your bookmark words, you will select four words every two weeks bulwark 25 hummock and present them proudly each week. These are YOUR words! 27 incandescenc e 28 speculation From your

bookmark, choose four of the more useful words 32 benediction 34 subjugation 35 Spell the words correctly on your bookmark and record the page number. I cant tell you how many students will have to look back in their books to find the sentence where the vocabulary word sat because they carelessly misspelled it when they wrote it down. More Vocabulary Examples Take pride in the type of words you collect; choose words you know you should use more often.

Like these students collection pages, take pride in the way you present your words of the week. Showing sentences Mr. Stick Drawing This is an example of a magazine cutout. This student is missing an EXPLANATION of why/how the image relates to the word. Meaningful Writing Activities A creative "showing" sentence that makes use of the word in such a context that someone could guess the word's meaning. A showing sentence has an action verb, not a telling verb, like was, is, are, am, were, be, been. A "Mr. Stick" drawing with a dialogue bubble or caption; the bubble or caption must correctly use the word. Three different-but-related words. This does not mean adding a prefix or

suffix to the word, like un- or -ing or -s. A different-but-related word means the vocabulary word shares a common root with three other words. If my vocabulary word is fortitude, for example, then the related words might be fortress, fortify, and forte. Two synonyms and two antonyms for the vocabulary word. A magazine cut-out, sticker, or taped-in clip art with an explanation of why the image somehow relates to the vocabulary word. An acrostic poem or acrostic sentence based on all the word's letters; the poem/sentence must have something to do with the word's meaning. A haiku or rhyming couplet that contains the word. Name ELA P __ Date Vocabulary Checklist _____ Vocabulary words are written clearly _____ Part of speech is included for each word _____ Student-friendly definition included for each word _____ Where the word was found is included for each word _____ Meaningful Writing Activity is complete _____ Work is neatly done ____ / 24 points

Vocabulary Due Days You are responsible for turning in 4 words and related activities every two weeks. Your first due date is 11/23/16 Cant wait to see your vocabulary collections!!

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