Water: The Natural Choice For Efficiency Unit efficiency versus Building System efficiency Equipment Ratings EER and COP SEER IEER vs IPLV IEER is an integrated performance for a central chiller Validity is possible because of diversity
All chillers would use the same raring points and conditions IEER loses validity for unitary equipment when equipment is variable but load is not! Water is the Natural Choice Unit Efficiency Sustainable for life EER is simple Output of unit in BTU divided by input power Every unit, a chiller, a rooftop, unitary equipment that uses refrigerant has an EER Energy Efficiency Ratio EER is BTU per hour output in cooling/power input Example a one ton unit delivers 12,000 Btuh/1000 watts for fan and compressor = 12 EER
Water is the Natural Choice Unit Efficiency (be careful) Not a building Why SEER and IEER? Adjusted performance to show potential blended rating Adjusted to include part load operation over a specific range of outdoor air temperatures Because outdoor air temperature affects both capacity and efficiency of an outdoor condensing unit. SEER Seasonally adjusted used primarily for residential equipment IEER Integrated to include both seasonal and part load per formula Problems
How to apply adjusted ratings to actual building Operation of equipment outside ratings Water is the Natural Choice SEER why Residential is more comparable Applied residentially based on the fact that the majority of residential units are installed very similar. Actual varies by size, location and weather, but all are tested to the same weather so they can be compared to each other. A condenser outside An air hander inside And a refrigerant line set between them Pre-charged with refrigerant
Factory-sealed Purchased from wholesaler or unit manufacturer Water is the Natural Choice SEER a test for comparison All manufacturers of residential split units form a committee at AHRI Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute Those manufactures agree to apply a Specific Seasonal adjustment to their equipment EER. All members test to an agreed performance with matching Condenser, Air handler, and line set containing refrigerant A package tested to a fixed set of conditions
Water is the Natural Choice SEER SEER is like the MPG sticker on your car. It is not what you will expect to get It is a comparison of manufacturers of like models To a prescribed set of conditions SEER is the same type of process of comparison It does not work commercially and is not used Too many Variables Water is the Natural Choice
Whats wrong with SEER? Fixed refrigerant lines and fixed weather conditions Commercially you need a professional because: The buildings are all different The installations have many variations The occupancy and use of the building are not typical Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) that can be modeled EER is the unit output versus power consumed at a specific point as a base Not what you expect in the building - a common comparison point Water is tested at design operating condition air is not And all Manufacturers use EER at the same conditions Water is the Natural Choice
What is IEER? Another way to compare performance of equipment among manufacturers of identical equipment in a lab It is: Like Equipment to Like equipment not building systems Like units are tested at the same conditions per a labs capability The prescriptive conditions are NOT how your building operates IEER should be applied to a total building not a unit. IEER is not valid for units with static loads (especially when occupied during the heat of the day). A building has a system a condensing unit is not a system
Water is the Natural Choice Key point Certified vs Actual IEER and the test is created by the MEMBER manufacturers The test results are monitored by AHRI AHRI does not create the test points AHRI verifies that the member companys test to the standard the Manufacturers created. The standard test has to be reproducible in a laboratory
NOT your building! Location (Weather) or Operation Split units cannot perform as tested because they are not shipped or installed as tested or operate as tested Water is the Natural Choice IEER Based on unit capacity not load Adjusted Performance average IEER = (0.020 * A) + (0.617 * B) + (0.238 * C) + (0.125 * D) Where: Both air delivered and outdoor air temperature are reduced (02.0%)A = EER at 100% net capacity at AHRI standard rating conditions (95F) (61.7%)B = EER at 75% net capacity and reduced ambient (81.5F for air-cooled) (23.8%)C = EER at 50% net capacity and reduced ambient (68F for air-cooled) (12.5%)D = EER at 25% net capacity and reduced ambient (65F for air-cooled)
Split DX - with only 25 feet of refrigerant tubing FLAT no lift Room is always 80 degrees increasing equipment capacity as measured by the Laboratory; there is no part load if 80 in the space! Water is the Natural Choice Problem with IEER when is a 12 a 21? Actual screen shot from AHRI directory EER is the unit power consumption vs output at one point IEER is adjusted Not to your building to a test Confusing?
Misleading? Yes, Benchmarking is the friend of Hydronic Systems because they deliver at the utility bill. Water is the Natural Choice Hydronic Advantages With Water the system operates inside design parameters The lowest cost way to transport energy Hydronic systems maintain efficiency You choose air delivery or radiant delivery Water-cooled units are more efficient because of high heat transfer capability
Terminal units receive controlled Design water temperatures It is water it can be variable flow and temperature Water is the Natural Choice High Heat Transfer? Cooling a hot skillet - What is Faster? Water even 100 degree dishwater Water is the Natural Choice
Wave around in 70 degree air Protect your investment in Efficiency Water always Wins Equipment and components exceed 20 years Options and Choice fit the budget
Options and Choice meet Owner Requirements Options and Choice ensure system life Options and Choice ensure system integration for the whole building Forward and Backward compatible For the Life of YOUR BUILDING Water is the Natural Choice Water: The Natural Choice www.hia-c.org Water is the Natural Choice
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