Welcome to ENGL 101W: Introduction to Fiction

Welcome to ENGL 101W: Introduction to Fiction

Week #5: Cold Mountain Professor Poyner-Del Vento Kindly turn off All cell phones The wireless component of any laptop computers

Room for Exam Exam is scheduled on Mon, June 13th, 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. If your tutorial is D901, you will take your exam in SUR 5240 If you have any other tutorial, you will take your exam in SUR 5280

Short lecture about The Ghost Road, 1:50 to 2:20, in SUR 5280 Overview of lecture Thesis statements and argumentation Music Order / Disorder Exam review

Thesis statements and argumentation Who is the audience for a scholarly essay about literature? Other people who have read the novel Scholars, professors, and students of literature

What is the purpose of a scholarly essay about literature? To advance other readers understanding of the novel To make an interpretation that isnt obvious A university-level literature essay is an argument A literary argument

An interpretation An evaluative judgment A critical evaluation adapted from OWL Website: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/618/01/ An argument has a thesis Thesis is the main idea and the authors

attitude toward it Thesis is the main argument adapted from OWL Website: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/618/01/ Thesis statement Specific, detailed Reveals your perspective Must be debatable (not everyone agrees with

it) adapted from OWL Website: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/618/01/ Weak Thesis Statement Cold Mountain is a historical novel that blends historical fact with a fictional story.

Stronger Thesis Statement Cold Mountain has received widespread acclaim for its literary portrayal of the Civil War and its fine rendering of historical details. Interestingly, though, Fraziers historical novel does not offer much insight into the tumultuous time period of the Civil War: the historical background is frequently

subverted in order to emphasize the lack of change over time and the meaninglessness of history. Weak Thesis Statement In Cold Mountains epilogue, Ada is successfully raising Inmans child despite Inmans death from the Home Guard. However, she is not the only woman in the

novel who has to parent a child alone; there are many other examples, including Laura, Lucinda, and Sara. Stronger Thesis Statement Cold Mountains epilogue could be interpreted as implying that the wounds of war are temporary and that society is always able to recover. However, Frazier undercuts

this positive interpretation by providing, throughout the novel, examples of motherchild pairs that are left alone and vulnerable, thus suggesting that violence has farreaching consequences. A Thesis Need Support (Reasons) How? Why? What are the implications? adapted from OWL Website:

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/618/01/ Format for Proposal A paragraph Possibly format as a formal proposal: For my essay, I will . . . Possibly format as an introductory paragraph Summarize main argument, including a thesis statement

Format for Proposal One paragraph that summarizes the main argument of the essay (approximately 6-8 sentences) One Works Cited page, using MLA style Optional: Acknowledgements page Due dates are based on your tutorial dates Mon, June 13

Tue, June 14 Also turn in via WebCT Music Stobrods music He first spent his attention on matters of tuning and fingering and phrasing. . . .By now he knew nine hundred fiddle tunes,

some hundred of them being his own compositions. (Frazier 295-296) Music in Cold Mountain Many songs are Christian hymns Some songs are Celtic Music can be both ancient and ephemeral Wayfaring Stranger Her ears rang and her whole mind was filled

with lines from the hymn Wayfaring Stranger (Frazier 49) Ada tried to listen but could not focus her thoughts on Sallys voice. In her mind she still saw the dark figure, and the brave phrases of the hymn sang on in her ears: Traveling through this world below. No toil, no sick nor danger, in that fair land to which I go. She was sure the figure was important,

though she could put no face to it. (Frazier 49-50) From Wayfaring Stranger This version sung by Jack White I am a poor wayfaring stranger Traveling through this world alone There is no sickness, toil or danger In that fair land to which I go

Im going home To see my mother Im going home No more to roam I am just going over Jordan I am just going over home When I Die The Philadelphians had fallen not far above

the cave, so Inman dragged them into it and sat them up together. . . . Nevertheless, he figured this might be a story he would never tell. (Frazier 317-318) From When I Die This version sung by Doc Watson When I die, when I die, Ill live again, Ill live again, Hallelujah, Ill live again.

Because Im forgiven, my soul will find heaven, When I die, when I die, Ill live again, Ill live again. The fear of the grave is removed forever, When I die, when I die, Ill live again. My soul will rejoice by the crystal river, When I die, when I die, Ill live again. Hymns What do these songs have in common?

Hymns How do these religious songs fit with the overall themes of the novel? Whats their significance? Folk Ballads Secular, traditional, passed through

generations Fair Margaret and Sweet William (Frazier 321) Bonnie George Campbell Later, with twilight settling into the cove, they built up the fire and Stobrod took out his fiddle and played some variant he had made of

Bonnie George Campbell, speeding it up and overlaying a dance jig. The children all ran around the fire and yelled. They were not dancing but just running to the music, and the girl waved a burning stick and made cursive shapes in the dim air with the yellow ember at its tip until Ada told her to stop it. (Frazier 448) From Bonnie George Campbell

This version sung by Silver Arm High upon Highlands and low upon Tay Bonnie George Campbell rode out on a day Well, saddled and bridled so gallant is he Home came his good horse, but never came he. Down came his mother dear, greeting fo'sair Out came his bonnie bride, tearing her hair My meadow lies green and my corn is unshorn My barn is too big and my babys unborn!

Order / Disorder Disorder The U.S. Civil War Death and loss Attempts at order Religion / spirituality Consulting omens

Ancient cultures (Cherokee, Greek) Music Solitude Companionship Connection to the land War as break from seasons Then he told her how this very morning he had found a late-bearing bush of

huckleberries, dusty blue on their sunward faces, still green on their shady back halves. . . . So that morning he had looked at the berries and the birds and had felt cheered by them, happy that they had waited for him to come to his senses, even though he feared himself deeply at variance with such elements of the harmonious. (Frazier 276-277) Adas desire to mark seasons

This evening she marked where the sun dove to the horizon, for over the weeks she had made a practice of noting its setting point on the ridge. . . . It would be an answer to the question, Where am I? (Frazier 329330) Pages 448-449, in Epilogue, Ada has marked seasons by cutting trees in the ridge Inmans blending of seasons

When she reached the place, the boy had already gathered up the horses and gone. . . . There was something he wanted to say. (Frazier 445) Exam review Exam is open book and open notes Must bring:

Pen or pencil SFU student ID Should bring: Marked copy of the Cold Mountain Notes from lecture Close Reading sheet Specially prepared notes for exam Scrap paper Exam is open book and open notes

Might bring: Dictionary Another book for reference (be sure to cite!) CANNOT bring: Anything electronic (e.g., laptop, electronic translator, cell phone) Anything potentially noisy or distracting Anything to share with classmates

Exam Format 1 hour long 2 questions, each worth 50% Passage analysis You will be given a choice of three passages from Cold Mountain. Choose two. For each passage you choose, write one or two

paragraphs that analyzes the internal complexities and ambiguities of the material, offering your own interpretations. Your analyses will probably discuss the passages significance to the entire book. This paragraph should focus on an analysis of the passage, not merely a description of the passage or a list of observations about it. Example passage

But before the dawn of day, feral hogs descended from the woods, drawn by the tang in the air. They plowed at the ground with their snouts and dug out arms and feet and heads, and soon Inman found himself uprooted, staring eye to eye, forlorn and hostile and baffled, into the long face of a great tushed boar. Yaah, Inman said. The boar shied off a few feet and stopped and looked back at him dumbfounded, his little eyes blinking. Inman prised his length out of the ground. To rise and bloom again, that became his wish. When Inman worked his way upright once more, the boar lost

interest and went back to grubbing at the ground. Inman cast back his head to the sky and found it did not look right. There were stars in it, but he could not reason out even one known constellation in the moonless sky. It looked as if someone had taken a stick and stirred it up so that no sense remained, just a smattering of light cast patternless on the general dark. (Frazier 228-229) Example of a mediocre analysis This passage is about when Inman and the other

deserters are shot by the Home Guard and left for dead. However, Inman is still alive, and just before dawn he pulls himself out of his shallow grave. This scene takes place at night, which adds to its spooky tone. The passage contains an interesting simile about Inmans inability to recognize the constellations: the sky looked as if someone had taken a stick and stirred it up so that no sense remained (Frazier 229). The stars look so confusing because Inman has been injured and is

disoriented. Example of a stronger analysis At first glance, this passage appears to be about the senselessness of death. This interpretation is supported the description of the night sky, in which Inman could not recognize a single constellation: no sense remained, just a smattering of light cast patternless on the general dark. Stars can be

used for navigation, so Inmans inability to recognize the constellations represents that he feels lost, literally and spiritually. Stars are also believed to have supernatural influence over human events; if they are senseless and patternless, then it follows that human life also has no meaning. However, this grim interpretation is undercut by Example of a stronger analysis

(continued from previous slide) book, in which Inman recovers from a wound so bad that his friends and doctors considered him to be dying. In the current scene, Inmans resurrection is even more explicit; he literally digs himself out of his own grave. This repeated depiction of death and rebirth closely mirrors the Christian teaching that true believers will be resurrected after their deaths. Here, Inman is a representative of the

immortal soul. This scene can be understood as a Christian allegory that suggests that there is indeed a divine plan, even if humans do not understand it. Another example of stronger analysis This passage describes a gruesome scene in which Inman pulls himself out of a mass grave, and it greatly resembles Inmans recurring nightmare in which the dead soldiers from the Battle of

Fredericksburg reanimate themselves. However, the language used in this passage is not ghoulish. Instead, it links Inmans emergence from the grave to natural cycles of death and rebirth. Inman desires to rise and bloom again, much like a plant that withers in the winter but is reborn in the spring. Inmans resurrection is also linked to daily cycles of the sun: he pulls himself out of the dirt before the dawn of day and later frees himself from his shackles just as the sun rises. In this way, death and life are associated with night and day they are presented as cyclical, natural states. In fact, these four paragraphs contain no manmade objects at alleverything is a plant,

an animal, or a naturally occurring entitysuggesting that Inmans rebirth is intrinsically linked to the natural world. Tips for the exam Room for Exam Exam is scheduled on Mon, June 13th, 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. If your tutorial is D901, you will take your

exam in SUR 5240 If you have any other tutorial, you will take your exam in SUR 5280 Short lecture about The Ghost Road, 1:50 to 2:20, in SUR 5280 The Ghost Road

Read until page 46 by next lecture Good luck on your exam! Good luck on your proposal!

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