World Englishes - MFWI

World Englishes - MFWI

World Englishes Bridget Green Based on http://www.slideshare.net/aidenyeh/world-eng lishes WTUC A lecture Listen. Ask questions. Take notes. Take a quiz using your notes. Ready?

English is a global language. What does that mean? What are the top five languages? Mandarin Spanish English

Hindi Russian In order But Mandarin is not considered a global language. Why not? 1 Mandarin

2 English 3 Hindi 4 Spanish

5 Russian The estimated ranking of languages when second language use is taken into account. (Based on Ostler, 2005) Did you know? English is spoken in countries on all five continents.

www.mapsofworld.com Do you know? Worldwide what percentage of people speak English? One out of five! 20% Source: English 2000 Facts and Figures by the British Council Did you know?

More than one and a half billion people are learning English worldwide. 1,500,000,000 Source: David Crystal Why English: The Historical Context Did you know? 66 % More than _________ of the

worlds scientists read in English. Source: English 2000 Facts and Figures by the British Council Did you know? 68 % More than _________ of websites

on the internet are in English. Source: English 2000 Facts and Figures by the British Council Did you know? 75 % More than _________ of the worlds mail is written in

English. Source: English 2000 Facts and Figures by the British Council Did you know? 80 % More than _________ of the worlds electronically stored

information is written in English. Source: English 2000 Facts and Figures by the British Council Did you know? There are 350 million+ native English speakers. Source: English 2000 Facts and Figures by the British Council Did you know? There are more than 1

billion non-native English speakers. Source: David Crystal Why English: The Historical Context Compare: non-native English speakers native English speakers

350 millionx 3100 1: 3 Source: David Crystal Why English: The Historical Context million+ Where did it start? Native English speakers come from many countries

New Zealand UK Australia Ireland USA South Africa Canada The Inner Circle Source: Kachru 1992

How many are there? Distribution of Native English speakers by country Ireland New Zealand South Africa etc Source: Wikipedia/David Crystal 1997 And then what happened?

The Outer Circle imperialism a political system in which one country rules a lot of other countries Source: Kachru 1992 And then what happened? The Outer Circle colonialism when a powerful country rules a weaker one, and

establishes its own trade and society there Source: Kachru 1992 And then what happened? The Outer Circle Nigeria Zambia Tanzania Bangladesh Sri Lanka Ghana Singapore India

The Philippines Kenya Malaysia Pakistan Source: Kachru 1992 The Outer Circle? Nigeria Zambia Tanzania Bangladesh Srithe Lanka English

is used inside Ghana Singapore country as an official language. India The Philippines Kenya Pakistan Malaysia Source: Kachru 1992

And then what happened? The Expanding Circle Nigeria Zimbabwe Russia English is used by Taiwan China Egypt Nepal professionals in some contexts.

Indonesia Saudia Arabia Israel Japan Korea Source: Kachru 1992 The Expanding Circle? pilots scientists travel agents researchers

computer programmers Nigeria Zimbabwe news media teachers etc. Russia China Taiwan English is recognized

as an English is used by Egypt Nepal important international professionals in some

contexts. Indonesia language. Saudia Arabia Israel Japan Korea Source: Kachru 1992 English has been exported English

Japan: China: Native American: ketchup, canoe, chopsticks, chipmunk, bonsai, skunk, yen, china,

squash, tea, etc hurricane, avocado, cocoa, chili, chocolate, etc English aikido,

Africa: banzai, bonsai, chimpanzee, trek,futon, voodoo, yam,haiku, etc judo, kamikaze, sake, samurai, tofu, sushi, shogun,

Middle East: tycoon, typhoon, alcohol, apricot, Zen, etc zero, assassin, giraffe, algebra, etc Different varieties of English Dialect =

Why do dialects develop? Source: Answers.com a variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary 1. group 2. time 3. isolation Different varieties of

English 1. group 2. time 3. isolation Dialects of English have developed in all of the countries that use English daily. = inner and outer circle countries Source: Answers.com Different varieties of English

sound different. Carribean English: He come wit me dat day. New Zealand English: I hev a pine in my hid. Indian English: Source: Answers.com I hate to pay the tex. Different varieties of English

use different vocabulary. Indian English: My head is paining. African English: You are looking very fat. Australian English: If hes within cooee, well find him. Different varieties of English

use different grammar. Indian English: I am understanding about it. Carribean English: Where _ dat bai? British English: Im fine. I neednt go to _ hospital.

World Englishes This is why we say World Englishes. Its not one English. Its many different Englishes. Language and dialect Languages: English, German, Japanese, etc. Dialects: South Asian English, British

English, South African English, American English, etc. Different varieties of English Which English is correct? British English because it was first? American English because it has the most native speakers? Source: Wikipedia.com All!

No dialect is more correct than any other. Whats the difference? Whats the difference between a language and a dialect? A languageA islanguage exactly the is asame dialect as a dialect

with but bigger an army and and stronger. a navy. HA! Source: http://www.olestig.dk/scotland/weinreich.html Why is this important? English is a world language and has been for hundreds of years.

Each isolated group, over time, develops its own dialect. All dialects are correct. One dialect is not better than another. Why learn about World Englishes? (= expanding circle)

Non-native speakers use English to 1. get international jobs and 2. speak to other non-native speakers from other countries. English is a tool. can be used in your home country. can be used in other non-native Englishspeaking countries.

Remember: native It is highly likelynon-native that most of your future contact English speakers English in English speakers 1: 3

will be with other non-native speakers. Source: David Crystal Why English: The Historical Context World Englishes A tool that you can use for the rest of your life!

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