World War I - Paulding County School District

World War I - Paulding County School District

World War I & Post War America SS5H4 What you need to know before talking about World War I: Nationalism the belief that ones country is better than another. Imperialism the desire to expand ones country by taking over colonies or smaller countries. Militarism the collection of weapons in order to prepare for war or armed conflict.

Isolationism the belief that countries should not get involved in others problems; they should remain neutral. World War I: When one country takes over another, it is called IMPERIALISM. Britain, France, and other European nations were

taking over territories in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Many countries tried to seek out alliances (becoming friends with another nation) to protect themselves from being taken over. When Franz Ferdinand (of Austria) and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian (another country in Europe) nationalist, Austria-Hungary joined an alliance with Germany to declare war on Serbia. Serbia had an alliance with Russia. World War I: The assassination of Franz Ferdinand and wife were the start of World War I. There were two sides of the war:

The CENTRAL POWERS included AustriaHungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey (The Ottoman Empire) The ALLIED POWERS included Great Britain, Russia, France, Italy, Japan, Serbia, and Belgium. However, by the end of the war more than 28 nations had joined to support the Allied Powers. World War I: The United States were under President Woodrow Wilson at the time of World War I. President Wilson believed that the United States should remain neutral. The idea that countries should not get involved in one anothers problems is known as ISOLATIONISM.

Causes of World War I: In 1915, Germany sank the British submarine called the LUSITANIA, among other ships that were trying to bring supplies to Great Britain. Some of these ships included U.S. ships. Over 1,200 people died, including 128 Americans. Even though Germany committed this act, the United States tried to stay neutral. It was not until the United States intercepted (took possession of) The ZIMMERMAN NOTE a note in which Germany tried to make an alliance with Mexico

in 1917 that the U.S. chose to get involved in World War I. The United States joined forces with the Allied Powers on April 6, 1917. Fighting World War I: Battles were fought on two different fronts: the Eastern front Central and Eastern Europe, and the Western front Belgium and France. A new kind of warfare (how the war was fought) was developed in World War I. TRENCH WARFARE was a form of war where each side dug

trenches, and soldiers stayed in the trenches. New technology was utilized to fight this war as well: *SUBMARINES *AIRPLANES *MUSTARD GAS *ARMORED TANKS *LONG RANGE CANNONS *MACHINE GUNS Outcome of World War I: On November 11, 1918, both sides (the ALLIED powers and the CENTRAL powers) signed an agreement to end the fighting.

Almost 10 million soldiers died in the war, 116,516 soldiers were United States soldiers. Nearly 21 million soldiers were wounded. Five million civilians, those who are not soldiers, were also killed in the war. President Woodrow Wilson had the idea to create The League of Nations to prevent another war. While President Wilson came up with the idea, the United States never joined the organization. Outcome of World War I:

The Treaty of Versailles ended the war, and required that the Central powers repay back the cost of war. The Treaty of Versailles required Germany to: Accept full responsibility for causing the war. Not be allowed to make or export weapons. Gave up many of its territories.

Pay countries hurt by the war \World War I: A Review The assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife was the start of the War. The United States tried to remain neutral until the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman Note. The United States entered the War in 1917 as a member of the Allied Powers. A new type of warfare was introduced in World War I, including trench warfare (among others). The war ended in 1918. The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany for

beginning the war, and would later lead to tension that would start World War ii. Postwar America: Back to Normalcy After the war was over people wanted to get back to a normal life. For many this meant they could stop thinking about the war and go back to their homes and jobs. As businesses increased the amount of goods, their profits (money earned by a business) increased, which also allowed workers wages (the money earned by an employee) to increase.

After the war America had become the richest country in the world. People had more money enjoy life. This time period is called the Roaring Twenties. Postwar America: Back to Normalcy Factories that had originally made war

tools started to make goods like cars, radios, cosmetics, and other items. These products were being made through MASS PRODUCTION, which is when parts of a product are identical to the order in which the parts are assembled. Postwar America: Henry Ford After the war there was a boom in the American economy. (A period of fast economic growth) Henry Ford added to the boom by manufacturing

cars in a new way. He used the assembly line to mass produce cars. This allowed the average American to afford a car. The MODEL T was the first mass produced car. Postwar America: Louis Armstrong Music was also changing.

A new type of music called jazz was becoming very popular. The JAZZ AGE refers to the 1920s popular culture. Jazz was first created on slave plantations, and moved to New Orleans after slavery ended. Jazz was influenced by African Americans (slaves) in the south. Louis Armstrong was a singer and a trumpeter.

Postwar America: Langston Hughes Harlem a neighborhood in New York City was famous for jazz. It became a center for African American musicians, artists, and writers, such as the poet Langston Hughes. This period became known as the Harlem Renaissance. Postwar America: Babe Ruth Audiences cheered as Babe Ruth hit 60 home runs in one season. He was nicknamed the Sultan of Swat and the Great Bambino. Many people still consider Babe Ruth as the greatest baseball

player of all time. Postwar America: Charles Lindbergh He was the first person to fly alone across the Atlantic ocean. He flew across the Atlantic Ocean in his plane, The Spirit of St. Louis People listened carefully to the radio to hear the reports of his flight. He became an American hero. Postwar America: radios Mass production made radios more affordable.

The radio made news more widespread, as most people go their news and entertainment from newspapers, magazines, and books. In the 1920s, many families would gather around the radio to listen to a program, much like families watch television today. Postwar America: Movies & talkies Movies were popular, but they did not have any sound with the actors speaking until

TALKIES were movies with sounds, and did not become available until 1927. The Jazz Singer was the first movie made with sound. Postwar America: A Review America was both making and spending a lot more money after the war. People were buying more luxury items, such as cars, and spending money on entertainment.

Several peoples careers grew in the Roaring Twenties and Jazz Age, such as: HENRY FORD created the assembly line and Model-T CHARLES LINDBERGH first man to cross the Atlantic in an airplane LOUIS ARMSTRONG a jazz performer LANGSTON HUGHES Harlem Renaissance writer BABE RUTH baseball player

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