World War II

World War II

What's already in my mind? Write down 8 facts that you remember from yesterday on The New Deal. Think about the topics we have discussed THIS WEEK!! World War II

Chapters 23 & 24 How did WWI lead to WWII? Treaty of Versailles Germans resented war guilt clause, reparations, reduction of military, loss of their lands Italy & Japan resented expected

more land for their sacrifices Europe 1914 Europe 1919 Totalitarian Leaders Take Control in Europe totalitarianism

type of govt where a single party or leader controls the economic, social, & cultural lives of people Russia Joseph Stalin Italy Benito Mussolini Germany Adolf Hitler

Japan - military reasserted control & Japan did not become a totalitarian dictatorship Totalitarian Leaders Take Control in Europe Expansion Begins Japan, Italy, & Germany began taking over other

countries France & Britain followed policy of appeasement granting concessions to a potential enemy in the hope that it will maintain peace FDR did not speak out against

German aggression why? The War Begins in Europe Britain & France signed alliance with Poland Sept.

1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland Blitzkrieg - lightening war sudden attack that used speed & firepower effective because of planes, tanks, motor vehicles, infantry

Britain nothing to save Poland & France declare war, but do Monday November 9, 2015

World War II Alliances MAJOR AXIS POWERS Germany Italy Japan

MAJOR ALLIED POWERS Britain France Soviet Union (eventually) United States

China United States Action Congress passed the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 imposed restrictions on Americans during times of war example: prohibited sailing on ships owned by nations at war, prevented Americans from making loans to

nations at war or selling them weapons Another Neutrality Act Roosevelt declared American neutrality but was anti-Nazi convinced Congress to pass the

Neutrality Acts of 1939 included a cash-and-carry provision nations at war could buy goods & arms in the U.S. if they paid cash & carried merchandise on their ships Roosevelt Inches Toward Involvement 1940 Congress passed Selective

Service Act (first peacetime draft) provided military training of 1.2 million troops each year Roosevelt Inches Toward Involvement

1941, Congress passed Lend-Lease Act allowed Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose

defense he considered vital to Japanese Expansion Threatens U.S. Japanese invaded Indochina (Cambodia, Laos & Vietnam)

Americans feared Japan would threaten Philippines & other Pacific islands http://www.history.com/topics/world- war-ii/world-war-ii-history

Pearl Harbor Links http://mysocialstudiesteacher.com/wi ki/classroom/attackpearlharbor.wmv https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3 VqQAf74fsE http://www.history.com/topics/pearl- harbor/speeches#pearl-harborattack

* How did the Japanese battle fleet fly nearly 3,900 miles undetected * Six aircraft carriers, two battleships, two cruisers, and across Pacific nine destroyersthe traveled under

strict radio silence and screened from view by a large weather front! Ocean??? (came within two hundred miles of the Hawaiian Islands) Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor Dec.

7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. Dropped bombs on American ships at naval base. in less than two hours, Japan

destroyed most of the U.S. Pacific fleet. more than 2,000 sailors & 68 civilians killed Dec. 8, 1941 Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan

Pearl Harbor A navy photographer snapped this photograph of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, just as

the USS Shaw exploded. Pearl Harbor Rescuing survivors near USS West Virginia during the Pearl Harbor attack. Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor, taken by surprise, during the Japanese aerial attack. Wreckage at Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor. (12/07/1941)

Pearl Harbor USS Arizona Memorial, marks the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors killed on the USS Arizona during the Attack on Pearl Harbor Homefront Mobilization More than 16 million Americans served in military

1 million African Americans served in mostly segregated units initially, integrated units later in the war Womens Army Corps (WACs) created by Congress in1943 to provide clerical workers, truck drivers, instructors & lab

technicians for the U.S. Army 150,000 women volunteer for the service Harbor Honolulu, Hawaii. Pearlnear Harbor The barrage lasted just two hours, but it was devastating: The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 American naval vessels, including eight

enormous battleships, and almost 200 airplanes. More than 2,000 Americans soldiers and sailors died in the attack, and another 1,000 were wounded. Diary Entry You are a teenager, living in Hawaii in 1941. You listened to FDR declare to congress war on Japan with your parents. They both look extremely worried. Write your diary entry

for December 8th 1941. How does the outbreak of war make you feel? What do you think your parents are worried about? Are you worried? Why? What do you think might happen to you and your family?

November 6 20157 If you need to go to the vending machine or restroom use the time before class! The American Homefront Women Work for Victory Womens

contribution to the war: worked in heavy industry, need for workers ended common practice of women quitting their jobs once married https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=bU2tt1h53jM African Americans Gain Civil Rights Double V campaign: need for victory against dictators abroad & discrimination in U.S. A.

Philip Randolph: organized protest march on Washington, D.C. & convinced FDR to issue Executive Order 8802 assured fair hiring practices in jobs funded w/ govt money & est. Fair Employment Practices Committee Challenges to Civil

Liberties Roosevelt ordered 110,000 Japanese Americans into relocation camps internment (temporary imprisonment) Moved to Utah, California, Arizona, Wyoming, Arkansas, & Idaho

Had to sell homes, businesses, & belongings Over 17,000 Japanese Americans served in Army units even while friends & families were in camps Korematsu v. U.S. decision upheld internment

Japanese Internment Camps http://www.history.com/topics/world- war-ii/japanese-american-relocation Supporting War Effort Cost of WWII: $330 billion

Financed: imposed a 5% tax on working Americas; Americans bought war bonds Rationing: Americans were issued coupon books that limited the amount of certain

goods they could buy Victory Gardens Planted gardens in backyards, schoolyards, city parks and empty lots to produce

more food for war Scrap Drives Organized Collection of rubber, tin, aluminum and steel for the US government

to use during WWII Will this picture help me win the war? Office of War Information: radio broadcasts, newspapers, posters,

photographs, films and other forms of media, that served as the connection between the World War II Map 822) (also page European Theatre: Key

People Gen. Dwight Ike Eisenhower commander of all American forces in Europe; Africa, Italy; Supreme Commander of Allied Forces; D-Day Gen. George Blood and Guts Patton commanded forces in North Africa & Sicily , later in France; leader in tank warfare

page http://www.history.com/topics/world- war-ii/george-smith-patton http://www.history.com/topics/ world-war-ii/d-day/videos/d-dayinvasion-of-normandy? m=528e394da93ae&s=undefine d&f=1&free=false

European Theatre Operation Overlord (D-Day) Date: June 6, 1944 Description: the Allies led by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the beaches of Normandy, France; high American causality rates at Omaha beach; *Allies successful at gaining ground in France total of 4,413 dead

page 820 - 821 D-Day Eisenhower addresses European Theatre Fall of Berlin & V-E Day Date: 1945

Description: the Allies & the Soviets closed in on Berlin (Germanys capital); Hitler committed suicide in April and German forces surrendered on May 7, 1945 (V-E Day Victory in Europe) Fall of Berlin & V-E Day Allied forces capture Berlin

Americans celebrate V-E Day in Times Pacific Theatre Midway Date: 1942 Description: Japan (under Admiral Yamamoto) attempted to destroy American aircraft carriers in Pacific; Navy code breakers intercepted

message & under U.S Admiral Chester Nimitzs leadership U.S defeated Japan; * turning point of the war in the Pacific stopped Japans advance http://www.history.com/topics/world- war-ii/d-day/videos/kamikaze-pilots? m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f =1&free=false Battle of Midway

Battle of Midway Pearl Harbor FDRs death served 4 terms as President

died in office on April 12, 1945, while at Warm Springs, Georgia Vice President Harry S. Truman became

President The Manhattan Project Manhattan Project code- name Project leaders: General Leslie Groves & physicist J.

Robert Oppenheimer Los Alamos, New Mexico Truman made decision to drop 2 atomic bombs on Japan to save American lives

http://www.history.com/topics/world- war-ii/d-day/videos/manhattanproject? m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f =1&free=false Pacific Theatre Hiroshima & Nagasaki / V-J Day Date: 1945

Description: U.S. dropped 1st atomic bomb on Hiroshima (60,000 dead or missing); 3 days later U.S. dropped 2nd atomic bomb on Nagasaki (35,000 dead); Japan surrenders August 15, 1945 (V-J Day Victory in Japan) Effects of the War World War II Allied Conferences Potsdam (July 45)

Leaders: Harry S. Truman (U.S.), Clement Atlee (Britain), Stalin (Soviet Union) Decisions Reached: decided to divide Germany (& Berlin) into four zones of occupation: Soviet, American, British, & French Potsdam: Division of Germany

Changing Balance of World Power After WWII, two superpowers emerge: 1. United States 2. Soviet Union

United States: strongest of the two, wealthy, militarily powerful, confident Soviet Union: industries, cities, & people suffered during war but controlled most of Eastern Europe Creation of the United Nations When:

April 1945 Where: permanent home in New York City U.N. General Assembly: make decisions on important issues such as peace and security, admission of new members & budget

Security Council: responsible for maintaining world peace and security November 11, 2015

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