Sedgwick County RACES Basic Operator Course Unit 6.1 Preparedness Personal, Family And Equipment OBJECTIVES Family preparedness steps RACES member preparedness Frequency plans and coordination
When to use simplex vs. repeaters Recommended RACES Equipment o 3 Levels -- To Go Pack for deployments o Rigs and antennas for portable, mobile, remote o Auxiliary power - battery, generator, solar Share Lessons Learned Prevent A Disaster from Becoming YOUR Disaster through Planning and Preparedness! Every community is affected by disasters!
Remember that Family Comes First! Your family must be self-reliant After you have planned, so they are prepared / self-reliant, you will know theyll be OK. Then, you can concentrate on doing your job! First Step: Learn About Hazards in Your Community Natural - Floods, hurricanes,
tornadoes and winter storms Technological o HAZMAT releases, rail, truck, aircraft, power failures Resource shortages o Drought, potable water, fuel Other consequences o Of criminal acts, civil unrest or Next step
Obtain basic knowledge to enable you to cope with known hazards Where are community emergency shelters located? What are the recommended evacuation routes? Who would you call? For help or to let family members know where you are and that you are OK.
Third Step Two Safeyour meeting places: Develop family disaster plan Nearby Neighborhood Refuge o Neighbor within walking distance Safe for children to go when you arent
home To meet and account for everyone after a fire Farther Away Friend within driving distance o As an alternative to a public shelter Family Disaster Plan (continued) In case of evacuation, ensure that family
members know how: To shut off electricity at the main circuit breaker or fuse box. To shut off water at the main valve. To shut off gas at the meter or pipe into the house, or at LP tanks. (By showing them, and labeling the Evacuation Supplies Take to a shelter...for each family member
General purpose utility knife, with can opener Flashlight, with extra batteries Portable radio, extra batteries First Aid Kit, (containing a first aid manual) Personal medications and sanitation supplies 3 days supply of nonperishable food 1 gallon of water per person, per day Cooking and eating utensils Items for special needs, care of
NOW THAT OUR FAMILY IS SAFE, WE CAN FUNCTION AS RACES OPERATORS Rigs are functional, (with instructions if needed) Batteries, generators, (with cables) are ready. Notebook of ICS forms,
Comm Plan, etc. We are ready to activate. Communications Plans SIMPLEX in most cases is ROUTINE o Repeater use as BACKUP, not primary o Only if wide area coverage is needed ESTABLISH LOCAL FREQUENCY PLANS o Contingency plans for operations o Anticipates storm-related repeater loss o Test regularly in exercises
Use ICS FORM 205 CommPlan Template o Pre-program rigs to a standard list WHY DO WE NEED SIMPLEX? Essential for local RACES / CERT Communications Reduce congestion on OPERATIONS net, Repeater loss due to storm damage AC power failure, depleted battery backup Don't tie up a repeater for local activities Use scheduled nets as drill opportunities Simplex is ideal for localized events
Simplex Awareness LEARN how to use the reverse button DONT hog a machine for rag chews DO USE the repeater for initial contact THEN... LISTEN to the input IF both stations have good copy THEN change to simplex, but .. PLEASE...respect the band plan! Become Familiar with Appropriate SIMPLEX VOICE FREQUENCIES
Regional simplex frequency plans are not coordinated, but gentlemans agreement Reduce interference during local operations Please relinquish them for RACES ops Normal amateur use is actively ENCOURAGED at all other times Establish listening watch for preparedness Observe band plans Use standard channelization
Reduce adjacent channel interference Routine use, drills, non- emergency ops Pre-assigned frequencies for local ops Assignments in exception to approved band plans should be made during declared emergencies only. 2m Band Plans No FM below 144.500 MHz! oNo digital in simplex voice sub-bands! Standard channelization: oThirteen 15 kHz Channels 146.415-146.595
oTwelve 15 kHz. Channels 147.42-147.585 VHF-UHF Simplex frequencies 146.52 National Simplex 146.94 & 147.105 Secondary Calling RO assigns others as needed o 146.940 - Primary / 147.105 + Alternate VHF o 444.000 + UHF for Logistics / Admin Talk-Around o 144.250 USB for regional calling frequency
70 cm UHF Capability Virtually essential in urban More effectiveareas! building-to-building, floor-to-floor Less intermod, lower noise floor, quieter signals Hospital / shelter ops, cross-band repeat links Use amateur 70 cm 25 kHz channels for mobile / base
"Good operating practice" LISTEN! Before keying up! Avoid unnecessary output power Appropriate use of cross-band repeat o Use of CTCSS to reduce interference Portable / Temporary repeaters o Shared-Non-protected Pair w /CTCSS Regional CTCSS tone plans o Multi- jurisdictional sharing of limited UHF frequencies for local area talk-around
Dont expect repeaters to always be there An HT is INADEQUATE for use as a primary rig for emergencies because it: o Limits you mostly to nearby repeaters o Severely limits your useable simplex range! Average HT simplex range is 1-2 miles Typical stock rubber duckie is -5 dB!
But EVERYONE still needs one: Equipment Recommendations Safety and Reliability 24 hours minimum battery power 2m, or dual-band recommended 440 or 220 portable / mobile Mobile / Portable / Base Capable 25 watts minimum RF output - For Reliable simplex - Less dependent on repeaters
5 watts Lo pwr to conserve battery Field programmable with PL Minimum ten field-programmable HANDHELD USERS Supplement your equipment! 1/2-wave no ground plane antenna, unity gain o Equal to a 1/4 wave with a ground plane o 2.15db gain if used with a ground plane o Single or dual-band mobile antenna + mag mount
o Telescoping 1/2 wave whip, or ... o Roll-up 300-Ohn twin-lead, or copper J-pole HANDHELD USERS (continued) Or 5/8 wave mobile whip + mag-mount, (3db gain) If no ground plane improvise! Use a metal vehicle, file cabinet, trash can, railing etc.
Get radial kit + mast clamp for your mobile antenna www.hamstick.com TV tripod and 15 ft. of mast, HANDHELD USERS (continued) 25 ft. of RG8X + adapters Auxiliary power cord Gel cell or AGM battery
Brick amp (25w to 50w) To Go Kit The 10 Essentials Three Levels Which Build Upon Each Other Level I Carried or accessible all of the time: o Eyeglasses (if you need them for close work) o Cellular telephone or pager (if used for alerting) o Drivers License and RACES ID o Cash for phones, vending o HT and FCC license copy o 1 qt. water and snacks for a day
o Personal medications for a day o Small AA flashlight o Utility pocketknife Level II - Equipment, Comfort and Safety Items In vehicle, lumbar pack, shoulder bag or other bag HT, (if not carried at Level I) City / County road map RACES plan, forms pack, USGS 7.5 min. topo operating references Orienteering compass AA battery case for HT Matches, lighter
Spare AA batteries Knife / multi-tool, (if not at Level I) Earphone / speaker mic Stuff-able rain gear + hat HT gain antenna 2-7ah gel cell battery for 10 ft. RG8-X jumper HT Antenna counterpoise AC charger for HT & gel Personal first aid kit cell
Notebook and pencil Plus Level I (The 10 Essentials) Power cord for HT and gel Level III - Backpack with PPE Personal Protective Equipment: (PPE): Hardhat (ANZI Z89.1-1986 Type I or II, Class A or B required for CERT) Reflective Vest (ANZI Type II recommended) Safety glasses (ANZI Z87.1-1989 w/side shields required for CERT)
Dust mask (N-95 level protection recommended for CERT) Work boots w/ ankle support, and traction sole (ANZI Z41-1991 safety toe is HIGHLY recommended) Leather work gloves (for rope work, use of hand tools) Level III - Ten Essentials (Less the items already carried with you in
Levels I or II) First Aid Kit Map (s) - VDOT road map, USGS 7.5 min. topo of sector Compass orienteering type on dummy cord Knife or multi-tool Food two meals, plus snacks already in Levels I and II Fire starting materials lighter, matches, tinder Signaling materials whistle, signal mirror, highway flare Emergency shelter poncho + liner or plastic tarp
Radio Equipment Annex 2 meter or dual-band mobile rig (25w capable) 3db gain 2 meter or dual-band antenna Mast to elevate the antenna 15 ft minimum 50 ft. RG8X (or better) coax with connectors Repair kit, tape, fuses, tools, test equipment Portable packet and / or HF equipment
72-Hour Annex Re-supply point for your 24-hour pack Box stored in your vehicle Recommended for away deployments 3 days food, 5 gals water, camping gear Extra clothing items, socks, underwear Extra blankets, sleeping bag Cold weather, wet weather gear, boots Extra batteries, first aid supplies, personal medication, comfort and expendable items That is it Folks Any questions?
Acknowledgements: We are extremely grateful to Arlington County RACES, the following Individuals and organizations who have provided the materials used in the production of this training for the betterment of Amateur Radio and RACES Virginia RACES, Incorporated Wind River Search and Rescue Group San Francisco, CA - Office of Emergency Management www.72hours.org
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