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Reading Review Exam Style Questions Issues We need to go over the exam style questions because many people have not been doing very well. Remember: DO NOT RESTATE THE QUESTION IN YOUR RESPONSE!!! DO NOT QUOTE THE TEXT!!! READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY!!! BE COGNIZANT OF THE MARKS AND DO NOT GO FAR OVER OR UNDER!!!

YOUR ANSWER MUST BE CLEAR AND CONCISE! YOU MUST USE DECENT GRAMMAR! Why We Must Save Dying Tongues Question 1: From the text, give two reasons why languages are lost. [2] Marking scheme: 2 marks; 1 awarded for each reason. Command word: Give (Produce an answer from a given source or recall/memory) Key words: From the text two reasons why Your answer here should simply give two reasons that were found in the text. Its

two marks, so it should be about 20 words. You should NOT write One reasons why languages are lost is. Another reason why languages are lost is You also CANNOT simply steal lines directly from the text! Use the IDEAS, but not the WORDS! Question 1: Non example 1 The first reason why languages are lost is because parents, especially in immigrant communities, decide not to teach their children their heritage language. Another reason why is because languages usually reach the point of crisis after

they are displaced by a socially, politically, and economically dominant one, as linguists say. (50 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 1: Non example 2 Languages have little to leave behind, and those who speak dying languages live in remote areas. Languages are difficult to learn and harder to speak. (25 words) Whats wrong with this answer?

Question 1: Non example 3 Languages die out in a multitude of reasons. One such reason is when a more dominant language such as english, mandarin or French invades the area. Due to the amount of jobs and education these languages can provide people will have to transition. Another reason could be that these languages are not being used or practiced enough an example of this are some native american tribes. (66 words) Whats wrong with this answer?

Question 1: Examples Those who speak uncommon languages are found in remote areas. Some less common languages are not often taught to children. (20 words) Parents sometimes choose not to teach their children their native language and many speakers live in rural areas. (18 words) Question 2 In no more than 50 of your own words, summarize Rachel Nuwers arguments for

wanting to preserve dying languages. Marking scheme: 5 marks; approximately 1 mark per 10 words. Command word: Summarize (Select and present the main points, without detail) Key Words: no more than 50 ; your own words Here you should be presenting the MAIN POINTS of Nuwers argument. We basically answered this when we did our During Reading questions! You CANNOT go over 50 words and you CANNOT use words/phrases from the text!

Question 2: Non-example 1 Rachel Nuwer is wanting to preserve dying languages because she feels as if, if no one is teaching/sharing it to nobody well just lose a useful language. She doesnt want it to be forgotten because the dead language could of provided more knowledge to the generations to come. (50 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 2: Non-example 1

Rachel Nuwer is wanting to preserve dying languages because she feels as if, if no one is teaching/sharing it to nobody well just lose a useful language. She doesnt want it to be forgotten because the dead language could of provided more knowledge to the generations to come. (50 words) Question 2: Non-example 2 Nuwer wants to preserve languages due to the history that lies behind other countries story. In the medical field other languages are intertwined into the term and by understanding we could figure new terms out. Materials and objects

consist of different properties of which different languages hold them. (48 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 2: Non-example 3 Rachel Nuwers arguments for wanting to preserve dying languages. As stated in the article Languages are ways of interpreting the world; different languages provide unique ways to think and problem-solve. Another reason why dying languages are important to save is because it is a part of peoples culture. (48

words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 2: Examples Nuwer argues that with the disappearance of languages there will also be a disappearance of culture. Heritage is also something that will be lost if a language is lost. Storytelling preserves the tradition of people in the original language in which it is passed. Languages provide different ways of thinking. (50 words)

Endangered languages should be saved because Nuwer believes they hold important aspects of human culture. Information and wisdom could be lost. The unique cultures and certain ways of thought could be lost without preservation. Nuwer believes the preservation of dying languages is key to keeping knowledge, traditions, and different perspectives. (50 words) Question 3 Why do you think parents decide not to teach their children their heritage language? In your own words, explain why families are likely to perceive it as a hindrance (line 34). [4]

Mark scheme: 4 marks; 2 marks for identifying the reason why parents choose not to teach the language and 2 marks for explaining the rationale behind this. Command word: Explain (Set out purposes or reasons/ make the relationship between things evident/ provide why and/or how and support with relevant evidence) Key Words: In your own words You can provide information from your own ideas AND/OR the text, but DONT USE THE WORDS THE TEXT USES! And be CLEAR! Question 3: Non-example 1

Parents Believe that teaching their children their language is a hindrance because in Why we must save dying tongues by Rachel Nuwer parents see it as a hindrance. Parents see this as a hindrance because it may be a waste of time or they want their offspring to learn key languages. (50 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 3: Non-example 2 Parents want their child more likely to be successful & speaking a mainstream

language. Families may perceive this as a hindrance because their language has been displaced by a socially, politically, & economically dominant language, and this can effect their success in life. (43 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 3: Non-example 3 Some parents will decide not to teach their children their heritage language, perceiving it as a potential hindrance to their success in life. (24 words)

Whats wrong with this answer? Question 3: Examples Parents do this because they want their children to learn the language native to the country they live in. Families are likely to perceive it as a hindrance because many may not be able to get a job if they dont speak the language needed. (45 words) From my point of view, parents are not teaching their children their languages because it would be difficult to socialize when its not the common language.This may cause complications in social life, career, and school. (36 words)

To some, spending the time to learn ones native language may be seen as a waste. Rather, parents believe it to be a hindrance due to a dominating language in that area. More opportunities may be available for specific languages. (40 words) Question 4 In your own opinion, what do you think is the most important reason why we should save dying languages? Using evidence from the text and your own knowledge of the present day, justify your answer. Mark scheme: 8 marks; 2 marks for identifying the most compelling reason, 3

marks for use of text evidence to support, and 3 marks for using present-day knowledge to support. Command Word: Justify (Support a case with evidence/ argument) Key Words: In your own opinion, most important reason, evidence from the text, your knowledge, present day Question 4: A deeper look There is A LOT going on in this question so you need to MAKE SURE you understand it before jumping in! It is asking for YOUR OPINION on the MOST IMPORTANT REASON (singular!)! This means ONE REASON,

and the one most pressing! It is NOT asking for another summary of Nuwers reasons! Because it asks for your opinion you can also use I here, but its not necessary since it is understood. If you are struggling to keep it under word count, dont bother. Using evidence from the text DOES NOT MEAN YOU CAN QUOTE (And a swift and painful death shall befall those who do!) OR USE THE SAME WORDS AS THE TEXT!!!! This is NOT Palm Beach Writes, where you have to cite sources. Here you must use the IDEAS given in the text, but use YOUR OWN WORDS!!!! The power of paraphrase, people!!! Your knowledge of the present day means you need to think of RELEVANT, MODERN examples to support your answer (your #1 reason)! This should NOT be from the text, and must come from your OWN BRAIN!

(Imagine that! Theres stuff in there, I swear!) Question 4: Non-example 1 The main reason why languages are important to save is because it can help with communication and to understand the past. To support that it says Languages are ways interpreting the world, different lang. provide unique ways to think and problemsolve. Like our society today. If we didnt take the chance to save many languages that can help us for example the Egyptian pyramid hieroglyphics, we wouldve missed out on all the information it brings us today. (78 words)

Whats wrong with this answer? Question 4: Non-example 2 The reason why I think it is important to save dying languages is because languages can be a part of someones culture. According to Why we must save dying tongues by Rachel Nuwer it states that No culture has a monopoly on human genius; we never know where the next brilliant idea may come from...we lose ancient knowledge if we lose languages. Many languages that are dying are a part of peoples cultures, such as Latin. Latin is a dying languages however it

churches they still use latin so that is a way it is a part of someones culture. (102 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 4: Non-example 2 The reason why I think it is important to save dying languages is because languages can be a part of someones culture. According to Why we must save dying tongues by Rachel Nuwer it states that No culture has a monopoly on human genius; we never know where the next brilliant idea may come from...we

lose ancient knowledge if we lose languages. Many languages that are dying are a part of peoples cultures, such as Latin. Latin is a dying languages however it churches they still use latin so that is a way it is a part of someones culture. (102 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 4: Non-example 2 Languages can be a part of someones culture. Many languages that are dying are a part of peoples cultures, such as Latin. Latin is a dying languages however it churches they still use latin (34 words)

Question 4: Non-example 3 I think the most important reasons we should save dying tongues is because languages are conduits of human heritage, writing can decrease and writing systems exist for only about one-third of worlds languages. Language conveys a communities songs, story, and poems. Without language, cultures can be put in a dangerous situation or even disappear. Language can also have an affect on education. Geography, zoology, mathematics, navigation, astronomy, pharmacology, botany and meteorology or forms of education language can affect

on, language provides different ways of problem-solving and thinking. (88 words) Whats wrong with this answer? Question 4: Non-example 3 I think the most important reasons we should save dying tongues is because languages are conduits of human heritage, writing can decrease and writing systems exist for only about one-third of worlds languages. Language conveys a communities songs, story, and poems. Without language, cultures can be put in a

dangerous situation or even disappear. Language can also have an affect on education. Geography, zoology, mathematics, navigation, astronomy, pharmacology, botany and meteorology or forms of education language can affect on, language provides different ways of problem-solving and thinking. (88 words) PINK: Filler, Purple: Straight from the text Question 4: Non-Example 4 The most important reason why we should save dying languages is the knowledge

that exotic and foreign languages bring to the world. In the text it talks about medical Question 4: Example 1 Dying languages should be saved because of the knowledge within them. Just as the article states, dying languages can give a wealth of wisdom in [to] many fields of study. Dying languages like that of Native Americans languages help scientists to this day uncover new information about locations and plants. In America, the dying Native American languages and knowledge are especially [valuable] because of how

much knowledge could be provided to American history. (71 words) Question 4: Example 2 The most important reason to save dying languages is to preserve the knowledge each language holds. Rachel Nuwer describes the Cherokees language and how the words can tell the properties of an object. In the present day scientists use latin to classify and name animals, plants, and objects. There could be much unknown knowledge that has already been discovered and interpreted in another language. (78 words)

Question 5 (i) Explain the meanings of the following words as they are used in the text. You can write your answer as a single word or a short phrase. Command word: Explain (Set out purposes or reasons/ make the relationship between things evident/ provide why and/or how and support with relevant evidence) USUALLY explain means youll be writing quite a bit, BUT if you pay attention to the other key words/phrases, you will see that this question has SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: Single word or short phrase. They DO NOT want a lengthy

explanation here! Note, it also says as they are used in the text. This means you HAVE TO provide the right definition if the word has more than one, like degrade! Question 5i: Non- examples Imperiled: to bring into peril/ rare, not common/ disappearing/ old or ancient Degrade: Disrespect/ to put down/ to make light of something or someone/ Teeter: to be harmed or lost/ become less prominent/ dwindle/ fall apart/ dangerous situation/ start disappearing/ to decline or decrease/ disappear

Question 5i: Example Imperiled: threatened, endangered, vulnerable Degrade: deteriorate, decline, wither Teeter: falter, waver, stagger Question 5ii Use the words in three separate sentences to illustrate their meanings as used in the text. Your sentence context should stand apart from the subject matter of the

text. This one is a little special since we dont have a command words, but we do have SPECIFIC DIRECTIONS that you MUST play CLOSE attention to if you want those marks!!! You MUST use the word as used in the text, meaning you CANT use another meaning of the word, like degrade! You CANT talk about languages, since your sentences must STAND APART from the subject matter. You MUST provide CONTEXT within your sentence so it is CLEAR that you understand the meaning of the word. If you dont, you will not get the mark! And USE GOOD GRAMMAR!!!!! Try to keep it simple, but academic.

Question 5 ii: Non-Example- Imperilled 1. many animals are on the endangered list due to them imperilling everywhere. 2. There are many imperiled theories for how the world was created. 3. It is imperiled in the united states for a president to be impeached. Question 5 ii: Non-Example- Degrade 1. 2.

3. 4. The businessman felt degraded by his ideas. If millionaires lose their money their status might degrade. Many politicians to become elected make ads degrading their opponent. The bobcats population Degraded after hunting them for many years. Question 5 ii: Non-Example- Teeter 1.

2. 3. 4. When trying on clothes, I teeter my oppions to see the best option. An artist often has to teeter through different styles in order to find their own. The more someone drops their phone it will begin to teeter and degrade. Without toothpaste our teeth would begin to teeter, or even fall apart due to cavities and other dental issues, such as ginvititis.

5. Kids like to teeter with adults when making excuses. Question 5ii: Examples 1. Various ecosystems in the Amazon Rainforest are now imperiled due to deforestation. 2. Giraffes are now imperiled because of high rates of poaching over the years. 3. If a car is left in a garage for years unattended it will begin to degrade and break down. 4. The new cogwheel degraded as time passed and soon it was replaced by

another cogwheel. 5. The model teetered in her heels while walking down the runway. 6. When students are asked to answer a question that they dont know, theyre likely to teeter between answers.

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